Gambia Facts

Facts about The Gambia*:

  • Location:  West Africa (The Gambia is the smallest country in mainland Africa; it is completely surrounded by Senegal to the north, south and east, and borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west.)  Click here for a map or see above.
  • Geographic Coordinates: 13° 28′ N, 16° 34′ W
  • Area:  11,295 sq km (slightly less than twice the size of Delaware)
  • Coastline:  80 km
  • The country is divided into 5 divisions (Lower River, Central River, North Bank, Upper River, Western) and 1 city (Banjul).  Click here for another map of the 5 divisions and the city or see above.
  • Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June-Nov); cooler, dry season (Nov-May)
  • Elevation: lowest point = sea level e.g. Atlantic Ocean; highest point = unnamed elevation at 53m)
  • Time Zone:  Greenwich Mean Time (GMT); does follow any daylight savings time changes.
  • Capital:  Banjul, with a population 436,000 (2009 estimate)
  • Largest City:  Serekunda
  • Total Population:  1,797,000 (July 2011 estimate)
  • Official Language:  English
  • National Languages: Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, Serer, Jola
  • Ethnic Groups:  Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other African 4% , non-African 1%
  • Religion:  Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 2%
  • Life Expectancy: 63 years (males 61 years; females 65 years)
  • Currency:  Dalasi (GMD)  (1 USD = approx 27 GMD)
  • Calling Code:  220
  • Government:  Presidential Republic
  • Independence:  18 February 1965 from the UK
  • Independence Day:  18 Feb
  • Current President:  Yahya Jammeh
  • Current Vice President:  Isatou Njie-Saidy
  • Flag:  The flag is 3 equal horizontal bands: red (representing the sun and savannah), blue (representing the Gambia River) with white edges (denoting unity and peace), and green (representing forests and agriculture).
  • National Symbol:  Lion
  • National Anthem:  “For The Gambia, Our Homeland”

*Facts taken from Wikipedia and The World Factbook